You've heard getting enough fiber in your diet is important. But what exactly is it, and how do we make sure we have enough?
Fiber is a non-starch complex carbohydrate that is resistant to human digestive enzymes, meaning our bodies don't break it down easily. It provides bulk to foods and helps us feel full easier with
less food. It can help regulate blood sugar levels, improve gastrointestinal health, and help lower cholesterol. Fiber is an important part of our diet. So how do we know how much we need, and what foods have the right kinds of fiber?
There are two types of fiber: soluble and insoluble. Soluble fiber is found in foods like oatmeal, legumes, fruits, and vegetables. Insoluble fiber is found in nuts, seeds, and whole grains. Both types of fiber can aid in digestion and health. Soluble fiber helps maintain healthy bacteria in the gut, and insoluble fiber helps with softer stools. The American Heart Associations recommends adults should consume about 25-30 grams of fiber per day. You can add fiber to your diet by adding more fruits and vegetables, and swapping out white bread for whole wheat or whole grain bread.